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WGS Associates, Inc.
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Real Estate Due Diligence

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Environmental Site Assessments
Phase 1 and Phase 2

The purpose of the Phase I ESA is to identify Recognized Environmental Conditions as defined in ASTM E 1527-05, Standard Practice for Environmental Site Assessments. By performing a Phase I ESA the user meets in part the requirements for innocent landowner defense to CERCLA liability. In addition, the Phase I ESA identifies potential threats of environmental contamination from petroleum products used or stored on the property and adjoining properties.   

 The Phase I ESA Report includes the following elements: 

Executive Summary

Scope of Work

Review of historical land use through aerial photographs, city directories, fire insurance maps and interviews with people with actual knowledge of the property.

Description of physical features of the site by review of topographic maps, geologic and hydro-geologic data, and surveys.

Obtaining and reviewing local, state, and federal environmental records.

Physical inspection of the property and surrounding properties.

Review of onsite documentation pertaining to the use, storage, and disposition of hazardous material(s).

Photo documentation of the conditions observed on the property and surrounding properties.

Personal interviews with regulating agencies having jurisdiction.

Review of prior environmental reports.


Conclusion and recommendations  

A Phase II Environmental Site Assessment may be required to establish the presence or absence of soil and/or groundwater contamination at a property.  The results of the Phase I ESA are used to devise a program with a scope of work comprehensive enough to prevent a false negative result and yet be cost effective for the user. The scope of work of a Phase II ESA is not to determine the full extent of contamination, rather to determine whether or not the suspected contamination is present.  

Confidentiality: WGSA understands the importance of limiting communications about the work and results to those parties specifically agreed upon in the engagement documents, and our obligation is to report only to our client and his designees.